The Manitoba harvest has passed the halfway mark and is catching back up to the average pace.
The latest weekly crop report on Tuesday pegged the overall provincial harvest at 56% complete, just slightly below the three-year average of 63%.
At 82% complete, the Manitoba spring wheat harvest was lagging the average by only 5 points, while the oat harvest was 9 points behind at 81% done. Barley was 92% finished, 1 point ahead of average, and the dry pea harvest was finished. An estimated 54% of the Manitoba canola crop was in the bin compared to 69% on average. The harvest of other crops in the province, including corn, soybeans, flax, and dry beans ranged anywhere from 0% to 12% finished.
The report noted that yields range widely for all crops. Canola has largely disappointed, it said, with heat blast and Verticillium wilt suspected as contributing factors. Yield losses are expected in later-maturing soybeans, particularly in the Southwest region and west of the escarpment. Frost may also affect unharvested cereal and corn silage with quality loss and nitrate accumulation, it added.
Mostly dry weather allowed farmers to continue harvest. Temperatures were variable, with cool and frosty nights throughout the week, reaching double-digit daytime highs. Smoke coming from west has developed into a haze over the entire region in the past three days, causing a slowdown in harvest in some areas.
Overall rainfall was variable this summer, showing its effects, as most forages and pastures struggled to put on good growth. Last week’s frost also had an adverse effect on longer season crops, hay, and pastures. Excessive rainfall events in July contributed to localized areas where percentage of normal rainfall accumulation was over 100% of the 30-year average, notably at Rivers, Oakburn, Forrest, Newdale and Brandon. The rest of the Southwest was largely drier than normal to date.
Overall harvest is 35 to 40% complete. Canola is mostly swathed and or ready to harvest. Harvest is 25 to 30% complete in general. Yields are modest at 40 to 50 bu/ac and quality is good. Some late seeded canola fields are also being swathed after the frost event. Spring Wheat is 70 to 75% harvested in the region. Majority of the harvest done in southern parts of the region. North of PTH 16, fields are 50% done at this time. Yield and quality depend on the variety and BMPs. Some of the fields are coming out with excellent yield and some fields are at average. Quality is overall good to excellent this year with minimal fusarium issues. Barley is 90 to 95% complete. Yield is above average. Oats are 85 to 90% done. Fields left out are suffering badly from wind damage and lodging.
A cool start to the week followed by warm dry conditions allowed for good harvest progress in the Northwest Region. While overnight temperatures dipped below zero, resulting in heavy morning dew, daytime temperatures reached 25○C. There were strong winds over the weekend that helped with drying down the crop. Rain was limited to scattered intermittent showers that did not result in significant precipitation. The effects of frost last weekend were patchy with some areas impacted more than others; the soybeans were the most affected.
Cereals are generally ripe and ready for harvest when moisture and weather permit. Approximately 75% of spring cereals are harvested. Spring wheat harvest is nearly complete around Roblin, approximately 70% complete around Swan River and 40 to 50% at The Pas. Reported spring wheat yields range from 90 bu/ac down to 60 bu/acre. Upwards of 80% of the barley is harvested around Swan River. Swathing of oats is underway with 50% harvested around Swan River and the remainder requiring further ripening before combining can take place.
The canola is drying well, roughly 30% of the crop is harvested at Roblin, and 10% combined at Swan River. About 30% of the canola crop is still in the swath, 40 to 60% is standing and close to ready for straight combining. The staginess through the growing season has affected canola quality and yields, which range from 40 to 60 bu/acre.
Field pea harvest is complete in the region and the straw is baled. Fieldwork on harvested fields is well underway. Soybeans were frost damaged last weekend. For locally appropriate varieties, the plants are drying down, with most leaves withered and dropped off; pods are drying. All soybean and lentil crops remain standing.
Overnight Tuesday, frost hit for a second consecutive morning affecting most of the region but particularly the west and southern portions. Coldest location reported was in Clearwater at -4°C. Sunny conditions for most of the week allowed for good harvest progress. Winds were moderate this week allowing for long harvest days. Topsoil is dry causing winter cereal growers to reconsider planting.
Wheat harvest is mostly complete in the Red River Valley and north of the TransCanada highway. West of the escarpment, wheat harvest is progressing with about 80 to 90% done. Yields reported Yields range from 60 to 100 bu/ac with grain quality in the top two grades mainly. Lower yields reported in the Southeast corner of the region where heavy mid-summer rains caused drowning to portions of fields.
Most barley fields are harvested with reported yields ranging from 70 to 120 bu/ac and good quality. Most oat fields are harvested with reported yields from 95 to 170 bu/ac, averaging 140 bu/acre, with good bushel weight. For many, harvest is caught up to late maturing crops. Harvest of later planted cereals and oilseeds continues west of the escarpment where remaining fields are mature and ready to be combined. Straw is being harvested on many harvested cereal grain fields.
Significant progress was made on harvest this past week, though some areas saw producers waiting for crops to dry down to appropriate moisture. Temperatures rose from below seasonal to seasonal last week but fell over the weekend. Light to moderate frosts were experienced across the region with the coldest temperatures occurring on Monday morning. Lows reported ranged from -1℃ to -4℃ with frost events lasting from two to six hours. Leaf damage on long season crops was observed in many fields but most crops were expected to be advanced enough so that damage to crop yield or quality was limited overall. Assessments on a field-by-field basis continues. Fall tillage also continued over the last week whenever field conditions allowed.
Across the Eastern Region, overall harvest completion was estimated at 50%. Spring wheat harvest was about 90% complete. Yield reports ranged from 55 to 70 bu/acre. Quality ranged from № 1 to 2 with past rainfall causing some bleaching. Protein levels were variable from field to field ranging from under 11% to 15%. Oats harvest was about 95% complete with yield reports ranging from 100 to 130 bu/acre with good quality. Variability in bushel weights on a field-by-field basis was noted.
Canola harvest across the region was about 75% complete with significant progress expected this week if weather allows. The extent of reseeded/late seeded canola that occurred this spring, particularly in northern districts, will result in canola harvest dragging on longer this fall. Canola yield reports continued to range from 25 to 50 bu/ac with good quality. Producers continue to be disappointed with canola yields on some of their fields. Average canola yield across the Eastern region is estimated as below 35 bu/ac at this time.
Harvest continues, with good progress in a week with trace rainfall. Heavy dews continue to limit the daily harvest hours, but good winds have helped reduce impact. Many are focusing on fall tillage while waiting for soybean harvest to start. Temperatures have settled into daytime highs in the high teens to low 20s. Overnight lows dipped to 0°C, with scattered reports of frost injury. Average daily temperatures range from 9°C to10°C. Although conditions have improved, much of the region continues to register less than 80% of normal rainfall amounts, with minimal precipitation falling in the key times of growth.
Crop yields are variable; higher yields are the result of an earlier extra rain or two. Yields have a broad range, but have often been better than rainfall amounts would indicate. Lighter textured soils were most affected. Cereal harvest for many in the region is complete; overall progress is estimated at 90+% done. Some reports of strong winds significantly affecting yields of later seeded cereals.
Barley yields to date range from 60 to 110 bu/ac. Spring wheat yields are reported in the 45 to 95 bu/ac range, with average yield currently estimated at 55 to 65 bu/ac. Quality is good. Some bleaching following rains. Proteins range from 12.5 to 14.5%, dependent on yield. Oat yields reported at 90 to 130 bu/ac, with some as high as 150 to 160 bu/ac. Weights are adequate. Straw has been baled immediately following cereal harvest; yield is better than recent years. Most have been picked up, allowing for fall tillage operations. Some post-harvest weed spraying is also occurring.
Canola harvest is estimated at 65 to 80% complete. Early yield reports range from 25 to 50 bu/ac; with average yields expected to be in the 35 to 45 bu range. Disappointing yields are reported where strong winds caused damage to both standing and swathed canola. Flax harvest continues, with early yield reports of 20 to 25 bu/acre.
Source: DePutter Publishing Ltd.
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