Alberta Yields Seen Above Average Overall




Alberta yields are expected above average overall this year, as strong crops in the southern regions of the province offset poorer fields in the waterlogged northern areas.


In its first yield estimates for the 2020 growing season, the biweekly Alberta crop report on Friday pegged yields in the South Region at a whopping 32% above the five-year average and almost 20% above the 10-year average. Central Region yields were estimated at 21% and 22% above the five- and 10-year averages, while North East yields were forecast 12% and 14% above.


On the other hand, yields in the North West are projected 16% and 18% below the five- and 10-year averages, with Peace Region yields 8% below both the five- and 10-year averages.


“Damage to crop condition and quality in wet areas is becoming more evident with time, primarily affecting peas, canola and barley,” the report said.


Canola yields are expected to range from just 32 bu/acre in the Peace and 33 bu in the North West to as high as 49 bu in the Central, with the provincial average coming out at 40.4 bu/acre. Spring wheat yields are projected to range between 42 bu in the Peace and 64 in the Central, averaging 54.6 bu for the entire province. The average dry pea yield for the province is seen at 41 bu/acre, compared to 28.5 and 33 in the Peace and North West and almost 47 in the Central.


At 70 bu/acre, the average expected barley yield in the province is 26 bu above the projected North West yield, while oats are seen at almost 83 bu, versus 58 for the South.


The overall crop condition rating for the province was little changed from two weeks earlier at 78% good to excellent, ranging from just 35% in the North West to 93% in the Central.


Crop staging for spring cereals is midway through flowering while fall cereals are in early dough, as compared to the five-year averages of early milk and hard dough respectively. Oilseeds and pulses are 44% podding compared to the five-year average of 57% podding.


Alberta’s weather has been trending warmer the past two weeks, with normal to moderately warm temperatures recorded. Rains are still fairly persistent across Central, North West, North East and the southern portion of Peace regions, with widespread thunderstorm activity generating localized moisture and hail activity, the report said.


Region One: Southern (Strathmore, Lethbridge, Medicine Hat, Foremost)

· Warm temperatures with minimal rainfall reported throughout the region.

· Overall, crop conditions are 38 per cent ahead of the five-year average of 49 per cent good and excellent. Conditions rating for sugar beets are 90 per cent, potatoes 90 per cent and dry beans at 89 per cent good or excellent.

· Crop stages for spring cereals have almost completed flowering, while fall-seeded cereals are entering soft dough stage. Oilseed and pulse crops are over 60 per cent podding. Harvest of processing peas has begun.

· Tame pasture is currently rated as nine per cent fair, 74 per cent good and 17 per cent excellent.

· First-cut dryland hay is reported as 93 per cent completed with estimated yields of 1.6 ton per acre and quality rated as 76 per cent good and excellent. First-cut irrigated hay is 94 per cent completed with estimates of 2.4 ton per acre yields, and 80 per cent rated as good and excellent quality. Second-cut irrigated hay is 30 per cent complete with 2.1 ton per acre yield estimates and quality rating are at 94 per cent good or excellent.

· Soil moisture ratings are estimated as 80 per cent good or excellent with less than one per cent is rated excessive for surface, and 81 per cent good or excellent with zero per cent excessive for sub-surface.


Region Two: Central (Rimbey, Airdrie, Coronation, Oyen)

· Warm temperatures along with hail, sometimes severe, reported across much of the region.

· Overall, crop conditions are 32 per cent ahead of the five-year average of 61 per cent good and excellent.

· Crop stages for spring cereals are mid-way through flowering, while fall-seeded cereals are entering early dough stage. Oilseed and pulse crops are over 30 per cent podding.

· Tame pasture is currently rated as six per cent poor, 10 per cent fair, 69 per cent good and 15 per cent excellent.

· First-cut dryland hay reported as 51 per cent completed with estimated yields of 1.8 ton per acre and quality rated as 59 per cent good and excellent. First-cut irrigated hay is 50 per cent completed with estimates of 2.5 ton per acre yields, and 65 per cent rated as good and excellent quality. Harvest of second-cut irrigated hay has not started.

· Soil moisture ratings are estimated as 83 per cent good or excellent with two per cent rated excessive for surface, and 89 per cent good or excellent and less than one per cent rated excessive for sub-surface.


Region Three: North East (Smoky Lake, Vermilion, Camrose, Provost)

· Warmer temperatures along with spotty localized showers and hail reported over most of the region.

· Overall, crop conditions are five per cent ahead of the five-year average of 75 per cent good and excellent.

· Crop stages for spring cereals are mid-way through flowering, while fall-seeded cereals are just entering the dough stage. Oilseed and pulse crops are over 40 per cent podding.

· Tame pasture is currently rated as two per cent poor, six per cent fair, 61 per cent good and 31 per cent excellent.

· First-cut dryland hay is reported as 27 per cent completed with estimated yields of 1.8 ton per acre and quality rated as 76 per cent good and excellent.

· Soil moisture ratings are estimated as 90 per cent good or excellent, with eight per cent rated excessive for surface and 91 per cent good or excellent and seven per cent rated excessive for sub-surface.


Region Four: North West (Barrhead, Edmonton, Leduc, Drayton Valley, Athabasca)

· Heavy rain reported in the western half of the region.

· Overall, crop conditions are 23 per cent behind the five-year average of 59 per cent good and excellent.

· Crop stages for spring cereals are close to mid-way through flowering. Oilseed and pulse crops are over 50 per cent podding.

· Tame pasture is currently rated as seven per cent poor, two per cent good and 91 per cent excellent.

· First-cut dryland hay is reported as 53 per cent completed with estimated yields of 2.5 ton per acre and quality rated as 51 per cent good and excellent.

· Soil moisture ratings are estimated as 47 per cent good or excellent, with 53 per cent rated excessive for surface, and 40 per cent good or excellent and 60 per cent rated excessive for sub-surface.


Region Five: Peace River (Fairview, Falher, Grande Prairie, Valleyview)

· Heavy rain reported in the southwestern part of the region. Spotty showers reported in the remainder of region.

· Overall, crop conditions are three per cent behind the five-year average of 64 per cent good and excellent.

· Crop stages for spring cereals are just beginning to flower. Oilseed and pulse crops are over 25 per cent podding.

· Tame pasture is currently rated as two per cent poor, 10 per cent fair, 75 per cent good and 13 per cent excellent.

· First-cut dryland hay is reported as 50 per cent completed with estimated yields of 1.7 ton per acre and quality rated as 63 per cent good and excellent.

· Soil moisture ratings are estimated as 84 per cent good and excellent, with 11 per cent rated excessive for surface, and 93 per cent good or excellent and four per cent rated excessive for sub-surface.



Source: DePutter Publishing Ltd.

Information contained herein is believed to be accurate but is not guaranteed by the parties providing it. Syngenta, DePutter Publishing Ltd. and their information sources assume no responsibility or liability for any action taken as a result of any information or advice contained in these reports, and any action taken is solely at the liability and responsibility of the user.