Crop development has progressed rapidly amid this past week’s warmer temperatures, but most Saskatchewan crop conditions were little changed overall.
According to the latest weekly provincial crop report on Thursday, spring wheat and durum crops were rated 84% and 74% good to excellent, respectively, as of Monday. That is down slightly from 86% and 78% two weeks earlier and almost steady from early June when spring wheat and durum were rated 81% and 77% good to excellent.
Canola was rated 78% good to excellent as of Monday, up a single point from two weeks earlier and 9 points above the early June rating.
Oats and barley were rated 83% and 81% good to excellent as of Monday, versus 85% and 84% two weeks ago and 80% and 81% in June, while flax was unchanged from two weeks ago at 76% - but up from 71% in early June.
On the other hand, some of the pulse crops in the province have suffered, chickpeas in particular. At just 48% good to excellent, the condition of the chickpea crop was down from 60% two weeks ago and well below 76% in early June. The condition of the pea crop dropped 6 points from two weeks ago to 82% good to excellent, although that is down just modestly from 84% in June. Lentils were rated 69% good to excellent as of Monday, down 4 points from two weeks ago and 8 points below the early June rating.
The mustard crop fell to 61% from 65% two weeks ago but is only little changed from 63% in June. Canary seed improved 7 points from two earlier to 67%, down from 73% in June. Soybeans were unchanged from two weeks earlier at 79%, and up 1 point from June.
Winter cereals are starting to ripen and earlier seeded crops have started to mature, the report said, noting some farmers have indicated that harvesting of those crops will begin in the coming weeks.
Rainfall this past week varied throughout the province, with many areas not receiving any rain and areas around Indian Head and Neilburg receiving up to 50 mm.
Crop damage this past week was due to strong winds, lack of moisture, localized flooding, hail and wildlife. There have also been reports of diseases such as root rots, ascochyta, sclerotinia, fusarium head blight and other foliar diseases and insects such as grasshoppers.
Rainfall varied throughout the region this week, with areas around Indian Head receiving the most rain in the province with 50 mm. Topsoil moisture conditions have deteriorated in the region, with more land being rated short or very short. Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 72 per cent adequate, 25 per cent short and three per cent very short.
Crop conditions vary within the region, but the majority of crops are in fair-to-excellent condition. Warm temperatures and recent rain have helped support rapid crop development and producers have indicated that they are planning to begin harvest and start desiccating pulse crops within the next few weeks.
Most of the crop damage this past week was due to lack of moisture, strong winds, wildlife and localized hail. There have also been reports of root rots and other diseases in the region, as well as damage caused by grasshoppers.
Minimal rainfall was received in the southwest region this past week, with the Big Beaver area receiving the most with 14 mm. More rainfall will be needed soon to support crop and pasture development. Topsoil moisture conditions have reduced in the region this past week. Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 63 per cent adequate, 24 per cent short and 13 per cent very short.
The majority of crops in the southwest region are in fair-to-good condition. While recent heat has promoted crop growth, the lack of moisture and high temperatures in many areas have producers concerned about crop development and seed fill. More rain is desired in the region.
Most of the crop damage this past week was due to dry conditions, wind and heat stress. There have also been reports of diseases such as root rots, ascochyta and sclerotinia, as well as insects such as grasshoppers.
Farmers are busy haying, scouting for insects and disease and getting ready to start desiccating and harvesting crops within the next few weeks.
Rainfall in the region ranged from zero to 30 mm in the Kelvington area. Topsoil moisture conditions have continued to deplete in the region. Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as 55 per cent adequate, 39 per cent short and six per cent very short.
Crop development progressed quickly this past week due to warm temperatures. Farmers reported that most crops look good, but in some areas where they received less rainfall there are concerns that lack of moisture will affect crop fill. Most crops in the east-central region are in fair-to-good condition.
Most of the crop damage this past week was due to dry conditions and wind. There have also been reports of localized damage from heavy rain, which resulted in lodged crops. Farmers are still spraying for disease and insect pests as conditions warrant it.
Minimal rainfall was reported in many areas of the west-central region this past week. The area south of Battleford received the highest amount of rain this week in the region with 39 mm. Topsoil moisture conditions were reduced in the region this past week with more land now rated as short for moisture. Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as two per cent surplus, 86 per cent adequate and 12 per cent short.
Warm and dry conditions this week have helped promote advancement of crops. The majority of crops in the west-central region are in good-to-excellent condition. Farmers have indicated that crops are doing good and the rain over the past month has really benefited their development.
Most of the crop damage this past week was due to localized hail, flooding, wind and dry conditions. There were also reports of diseases such as ascochyta, root rots, sclerotinia and other foliar diseases, as well as insects like grasshoppers.
There was a varied amount of rainfall in the region, ranging from zero to 26 mm in the Hudson Bay area. Topsoil moisture conditions improved this past week, with less land being rated as surplus. Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as five per cent surplus, 86 per cent adequate and nine per cent short.
Warm weather helped speed up crop development in the region. Some farmers reported that some crops are showing signs of stress from lack of moisture. The majority of crop are in fair-to-excellent condition.
Most of the crop damage this past week was due to localized flooding and hail. There has also been reports of damage caused by wildlife, insects and disease.
Most of the northwest region received at least some rainfall this past week. Areas around Neilburg received the highest amount of rain in the province this week with 50 mm. Moisture conditions in the region have improved with less land being rated as surplus for topsoil moisture, particularly in Crop District 9AW. Cropland topsoil moisture is rated as nine per cent surplus, 89 per cent adequate and two per cent short.
While warm temperatures this week have promoted crop development, farmers have indicated that some crops are still behind their normal stages for this time of year. Many fields in the region remain wet and this has caused damage to crops in low lying areas. The majority of crop are in good condition.
Most of the crop damage this past week was due to flooding, hail and wind. There have also been reports of damage caused by wild life and diseases such as ascochyta and leaf spot diseases in cereals. Farmers have continued spraying for diseases, with many using aerial applications.
Source: DePutter Publishing Ltd.
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