Syngenta Stewardship Information
SEED STEWARDSHIP IS EVERYONE’S RESPONSIBILITY
Before opening a bag of seed, be sure to read and understand the stewardship requirements applicable to the seed, including refuge requirements. In addition to the information provided on this page, stewardship requirements may be found in the Syngenta Stewardship Agreement that you sign and/or on the bags/tags accompanying the seed. By opening and using a bag of seed, you are reaffirming your obligation to comply with those stewardship requirements.
To download a copy of the 2023 seed stewardship guide, click here.
Insect resistance management
Bt corn must have an insect resistance management (IRM) plan.
This is a requirement set by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. It is also a strategy endorsed by leading scientists to reduce the risk of insect populations developing a resistance to Bt corn. Syngenta is committed to following, supporting, and providing growers with relevant information to help them implement the IRM requirements set by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency.
Therefore, all growers must sign a Syngenta Stewardship Agreement before ordering any Agrisure® insect protected corn which, in part, demonstrates their commitment to supporting the best management practices to reduce the potential risk of insects developing resistance to either the European corn borer (ECB) or corn rootworm (CRW) traits.
It is important to recognize that different products may have different insect resistance management requirements.
FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH THESE IRM REQUIREMENTS MAY:
- Lead to insect resistance
- Slow down the introduction of new corn technologies that provide additional insect protection
- Affect individual grower access to Agrisure-traited products
CORN REFUGE REQUIREMENTS
It is important to plant a refuge for your corn in order that the potential for target pests, such as European corn borer and corn rootworm, to develop resistance to target proteins is slowed. This is done by providing pests an area for feeding in corn that does not contain the Bt trait, thereby maintaining a population of susceptible insects to mate with those that have developed resistance.
All of Syngenta corn hybrids offer E-Z Refuge® for built-in compliance. This means that each of the corn hybrids will have 5% of the appropriate refuge material blended into the bag. This serves as an appropriate refuge for dual Bt traits to control European corn borer (ECB) and/or the Multi-Pest Complex™ (black cutworm, western bean cutworm, fall armyworm, corn earworm and common stalk borer), depending on the trait package selected. Aside from the assurance that refuge is planted in every field, we’ve ensured that every bag has enough susceptible Bt corn refuge mates available.
SCOUTING IS ESSENTIAL!
Proper observation of your fields, as well as other integrated pest management strategies, will also aid in increasing the longevity of insect traits in the field. In order to first determine potential pest impact, a grower should consider pest populations in the area, crop damage from insect feeding seen in the previous year, and the rotation of the crop to consider pest overwintering habitats.
Scout refuge plantings to determine the level of insect pressure in your field. Then scout the Agrisure insect-protected hybrids to note their effectiveness and look for signs of damage that may indicate resistance to either the Bt trait or the CRW trait. If concerns arise, please contact your local Syngenta Seed Sales Representative immediately for further field investigation.
Growers should rotate every year if:
- Fields have been in long-term continuous corn systems
- Target insect populations are high
- There have been problems with insect resistant trait performance
Rotation to crops such as soybeans, alfalfa or small grains will aid in removing the pests’ food source and cause a population shift.
USE OF INSECTICIDES
In some cases, additional control measures for insect pests may be required. Foliar insecticide may be an option if target pest populations reach an economic threshold. Always ensure to follow proper labelled guidelines for pesticide sprays.
Additionally, growers may decide to use seed-applied insecticides, which represent one of the most advanced forms of crop protection technology available, offering growers a targeted, environmentally sustainable means of pest management. Applied directly to the seed only where needed, seed-applied insecticides require less active ingredient per acre compared to foliar and soil-applied pesticides, and minimize off-target drift, reducing the impact on non-target organisms. Always read and follow label directions.
Syngenta is committed to protecting pollinators and continues work to develop and implement additional solutions to address dust generated when planting treated corn and soybean seeds and to further efforts on other bee health issues. Best management practices for the handling of seed treated with an insecticide are an important tool to help maximize the benefits of seed treatments and protect bees and other non-target insects at the same time. For more information, please visit www.beehealth.ca.
Even in traited fields, small amounts of insect feeding damage may occur; however, any damage above threshold is considered to be unexpected damage (UXD). If you observe UXD in your field(s), it is imperative that you report this damage to your local Syngenta representative for follow up as it is mandatory that these cases be reported to the CFIA appropriately. Syngenta will facilitate investigation as to whether the damage is related to insect resistance and provide you with information on strategies for minimizing pest damage going forward.
It is important to note that threshold levels of pest damage vary both by pest and by single vs. stacked trait usage. For more information, visit:
FURTHER INSECT RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT RESOURCES
There are several resources available to assist with insect resistance management in Canadian fields:
- Seed bags and tags – Seed bag labels and bag tags provide product and stewardship information and customer service contact information.
- Canadian Corn Pest Coalition – A group of industry, academic, government, and extension specialists that work together for better understanding and management of corn pests and their associated traits. To view recommended planting layouts, maps and configurations, as well as information on corn pests and other management strategies, please visit www.cornpest.ca.
- For information related to Western bean cutworm, please click here
- For information related to corn rootworm, please click here
- For information related to European corn borer, please click here
- Further product stewardship and weed management information can also be found at the following:
- Syngenta Hotline – 1-87SYNGENTA (1-877-964-3682)
- CropLife Canada – www.croplife.ca
Weed resistance management
Herbicide-tolerant traited corn must have a resistance management plan.
This is a requirement set by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. It is also a strategy endorsed by leading scientists to reduce the risk of weed populations developing a resistance to certain herbicides, which is already happening with glyphosate in Canada. Syngenta is committed to following, supporting, and providing growers with relevant information to help them implement appropriate resistance management plans for herbicide-tolerant traits.
All growers must sign a Syngenta Stewardship Agreement before ordering any herbicide-tolerant seed which, in part, demonstrates their commitment to supporting the best management practices to reduce the potential risk of developing resistance of weeds to any herbicide.
Failure to follow these resistance management guidelines may speed the development of herbicide-resistant weeds in fields, thereby decreasing the trait and herbicide tools available to growers.
SET YOURSELF UP FOR SUCCESS
Best practices for managing herbicide resistance in your fields can be found at www.manageresistancenow.ca.
Syngenta recommends the following tips for appropriate integrated weed management, including:
- Start with clean fields – Plant into weed-free fields and keep fields as weed-free as possible.
- Utilize multiple herbicide Modes of Action (MOA) – Use a herbicide program that encompasses multiple herbicide MOA with overlapping efficacy on the toughest-to-control or most problematic weed species in your field in rotation, sequence, or mixture.
- Apply herbicides properly – Apply post-emergence herbicides at the proper weed size or stage using the labelled rate with the recommended adjuvants to control the toughest or most problematic weed species in the field. Glufosinate-ammonium and glyphosate tolerance are the two most commonly used herbicide resistant traits. With these herbicides, it is important to remember that they need to be incorporated into a well-rounded herbicide resistance management plant in order to maintain trait and chemical usefulness for years to come.
- Use good agronomic practices – Practicing good agronomy can facilitate weed management by increasing crop competitiveness with weeds. In corn, incorporating the use of seed-applied fungicides and insecticides, proper fertility, and proper plant and row spacing can all promote corn growth and early canopy closure.
- Incorporate mechanical weed control – Where appropriate, growers may wish to incorporate tillage and row cultivation into their cropping practices in order to reduce weed emergence.
- Scout fields for weeds – Scouting fields routinely before and after herbicide applications is essential for proper weed management and identification of any problematic weeds, or escapes (i.e. those weeds expected to be controlled), and helps ensure that weed control is achieved. Be sure to report any suspected weed resistance to your Syngenta representative immediately. They will facilitate investigation as to resistance and work with you to develop a plan for your field(s).
- Reduce weed seed bank – Weeds should not be allowed to survive and reproduce in growers’ fields. Escapes should be eliminated with cultivation, hand removal, or spot application of a herbicide with a different MOA, before they can reproduce or set seed.
Always use pesticide products in accordance with labelled use directions.
ROTATE YOUR CROPS
Where possible, rotate the crops grown in your field year-on-year. Crop rotation can be an important tool to introduce diversity into an integrated weed management program. Crops differ in their competitiveness with weeds and have different planting dates and cultural practices, which adds diversity in the system. Crop rotation can also allow herbicide diversity on a given field.
FURTHER WEED RESISTANCE MANAGEMENT RESOURCES
Several sources of information are available to growers to support and guide the use of appropriate crop management practices and the relevant herbicide products:
- Herbicide product labels – Herbicide product labels are the formal and legal method of communicating the registered use directions for use on the herbicide tolerant corn products. In addition to directions for proper product use, the labels include specific recommendations for integrated weed management and herbicide-resistant weed management. For more information on Syngenta herbicides, and to view product labels, visit www.syngenta.ca.
- Further product stewardship and weed management information can also be found at the following:
Always read and follow label directions. Agrisure®, E-Z Refuge®, and Multi-Pest Complex™ are trademarks of a Syngenta Group Company. © 2023 Syngenta. Consult bag tags for E-Z Refuge product herbicide options.